Your ankle bone and the ends of your two lower leg bones make up the ankle joint. Your ligaments, which connect bones to one another, stabilize and support it. Your muscles and tendons move it.
Ankle pain can result from a large number of ankle and foot injuries, the most common ankle injuries are sprains (low and high ankle), which involve ligaments and bones in the ankle. But you can also fracture a bone, tear muscles or over-stress a tendon when you sprain your ankle.
A sprained ankle occurs when the ligaments are forced beyond their normal range of motion. Ligaments help stabilize joints, preventing excessive movement, but when you roll, twist or turn your ankle in an awkward way, this can stretch or tear the tough ligaments that help hold your ankle bones together. Treatment for a sprained ankle depends on the severity of the injury. Although self-care measures and over-the-counter pain medications may be all you need, a medical evaluation might be necessary to reveal how badly you've sprained your ankle and to determine the appropriate treatment.
The following tips can help you prevent a sprained ankle or a recurring sprain. Warm up before you exercise or play sports. Be careful when walking, running or working on an uneven surface. Use an ankle support brace or tape on a weak or previously injured ankle. Wear shoes that fit well and are made for your activity. Minimize wearing high-heeled shoes. Don't play sports or participate in activities for which you are not conditioned. Maintain good muscle strength and flexibility. Practice stability training, including balance exercises.
If you have incurred an injury to your ankle, and the pain persists, please call Omni Orthopaedics for an appointment at our Canton, OH office at (330) 492-9200, or at our Dover office (330) 602-3200.