The hip is prone to several types of injuries. Sometimes these happen in otherwise healthy joints – an or a fall can break a bone or force the femoral head out of its socket. In some cases, joints which are compromised by congenital deformities or osteoporosis, leave the hip vulnerable to injury upon the slightest trauma.
A dislocation happens when the ball at the top of the femur slips out of the socket, resulting in severe pain and difficulty in moving the leg. It usually takes quite a bit of force to cause a dislocated hip. Being born with a shallow hip socket or hip displasia, a congenital deformation or misalignment of the hip joint, makes a possible dislocation more likely. Usually the ligaments around the hip are damaged if a hip becomes dislocated.
Bursitis is swelling and inflammation of the fluid-filled sacs, the bursae, that cushion and lubricate the joints. Inflammation of a bursa situated between the bony bump on the side of the hip and the tendon that passes over it can cause aching in the hip and on the outside of the thigh. Referred to as trochanteric bursitis, it can be aggravated with walking or any activity that causes the tendon to move over the bone.
Snapping hip syndrome manifests as a snapping sensation in the hip, either with or without an audible noise and pain, when the hip is extended. This can occur when bands of connective tissue that support the hip thicken and catch as they slide back and forth across the top end of the femur. Often, the bursae underneath also become inflamed and painful. This usually occurs in athletes such as ballet dancers, gymnasts, runners, weightlifters and soccer players due to be the result of repetitive, vigorous use and injury.
A hip labral tear is damage to the cartilage that surrounds the bony edge of the socket in the pelvis. This can happen as the result of repetitive use of the hip and can be seen in the early stages of osteoarthritis, or can be caused by an injury such as a fall that causes twisting of the joint.
A broken hip, or hip fracture, can happen at any age, but most commonly in people age 65 and older, particularly women, with osteoporosis. In a younger person with healthy bones it may take a serious injury, such as a car accident, to break a hip, but when osteoporosis weakens bones, even a minor fall can result in a fracture
If you are experiencing pain in the hip that just won't go away, please contact Omni Orthopaedics for an appointment at our Canton, OH office at (330) 492-9200, or at our Dover office (330) 602-3200.